1858: Russia conquers Chechnya.

1922: Chechen autonomous region established.

1944: Stalin deports the entire Chechen and Ingush populations.

1957: Autonomous region restored.

1991: Chechen president declares independence.

1994: Russian troops quash independence movement.

1996: Peace agreement signed.

1997: Peace treaty signed, issue of independence is not resolved.

1999: Russian forces redeploy in Chechnya.

2000: Russian troops capture Grozny; much of the city is razed.

UK give diplomatic support for Russia's actions.

President Putin declares direct rule from Moscow.

2001: Human rights violations in Chechnya.

2002: Tony Blair gives diplomatic support to Russia despite atrocities.